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Xiu4dou4, a unique catchword in Chinese language

As the rapid development of Chinese economy and process of urbanization, lots of catchwords popped up among common Chinese people, which widely spread through internet. Usually, traditional Chinese language featured with various kinds of literal forms and different meanings in different occasions. Those catchwords often own an improper even eccentric literal form and are endowed with unexpected meanings that you can barely learn from the language training classes.

Xiu4 dou4(秀逗), anyway, is one of those buzzwords appeared in the Chinese society. From the very look of this unique phrase, you can hardly figure out its actual meaning.”Xiu4”(秀)is a common word widely used among Chinese folks, it is usually used to describe the personal quality of elegancy owned by a man or woman who were regarded as upper classes in the olden time of China. At the same time, “Dou4”(逗)is a verb in the Chinese grammar that you can learned from the attended Chinese lessons. It means to play a trick with someone else. The use of this word is familiar with that of make fun in English. However, if you put those two words together, you must find that it is impossible to get this combination of words through in a usual thought. You can even find it becomes ridiculous.

Actually, the authentic meaning of this phrase is quite different from what it looks like. It is used to describe some people who make a stupid or bad choice when facing an apparent and complain situation. Those kinds of people often been regarded as the one who has a problem in their head or owns lower intelligent quality. If you have a friend who always doing stupid thing or giving silly suggestions, you use this phrase “Xiu4 dou4” to describe his behavior.

 Lastly, do you want to gain more useful Chinese phrases? Go and surfer on our e learning Chinese website, where can also provide you a chance to learn Chinese free.

Tie3 guan1 yin1, a famous tea in China

Dated back to thousand year time in the Chinese history, the culture of tea drinking had experienced a long period of evolving process and played an important role in the whole unity of Chinese classic culture. The first people who invited tea, the initial time of drinking the first cup of tea and even various kinds of cups and containers carried tea are recorded on the history book, which reserved the most precious wealth created by the Chinese ancestors and offered to the descendants nowadays by attending Chinese lessons.

Tie3 guan1 yin1(铁观音)is classified on the top ten list of the Chinese most famous teas. In the Chinese language, the name of Tie3 guan1 yin1 hardly can be regarded as the name of a tea. From the literal form of this phrase, “Tie3”(铁)is the name of iron in Chinese and “Guan1 yin1”(观音)is the Goddess of Mercy in the God system of the Buddhism. When you combined those two words together, it is hard to access to its actual meaning of this phrase. This kind of tea is produced in the An1 xi1 county(安溪县), where located in Fu2 jan4(福建)province. At the same time, this tea also widely spread in several regions in the northwestern China, including Guang3 dong3(广东) and Tai2 wan1(台湾)province.

Tie3 guan1 yin1 is a moderate tea classified between green tea and black tea. It not only smells good when you added some hot waters, but also have a positive effect on the health protection of human beings like anti-aging, anti-cancer, reducing weight, keep vitality and so on.

What’s more, the originality of this tea has a legend. Almost three hundred years ago, a farmer dreamed about a Goddess. Then, as the guidance of the Goddess, he found a beautiful leaf near the brook. The farmer brought several leafs to home and added some hot waters with those leafs. Surprisingly, he found this drink is tasty. Finally, this tea began to become popular among people.

Lastly, more information of Chinese tea can be gained on our e-learning Chinese website.

A Powerful Search Engine in China

Search engines are one of the most important components of internet technology nowadays. With the increase of computers and use of the internet in common households, cyber space has become an influential platform for people to express their own ideas freely is a means to greatly broaden their horizons. In your Chinese lessons you may have come across the term “Ren2 rou4”(人肉)which means human flesh. No, this is not a random change of topics. Can you guess how this term is related to a search engine?

In the Chinese language, “Ren2 rou4 sou1 suo3”(人肉搜索)is a new name of a kind of search engine in China which has a search function that is more powerful than any other on-line searching function. This unique search engine features the involvement of manual input in which individual users team together to search and seek out the truth about a topic as a means of purifying the search results. Frankly, it is different from the common-used search engines like Baidu, Sougo, Google and so on in China because this engine can provide more detailed and authentic results for users. It can solve difficult problems or resolve doubts that pop up during an investigation by opening a portal of mutual communication and information sharing among online users. Due to the personal involvement of all kinds of online users, the name “Ren2 rou4” started to appear on the internet to describe this type of collective search.

According to a trustworthy investigation, this kind of search engine first appeared on the Mop.com(猫扑网) which was regard as an integrated Chinese online forum. This website set a Q&A site on their homepage to attract users. At first, a user would put a question on the site then the answers would be provided by other users from all directions. Furthermore, every detail related to the question would be exposed rapidly thanks to the solidarity and diversity of the contributing online community. Some information hunters even traced the private details of the people involved in the question and posted all their findings for the public to view. Though efficient, delving too far into any persons personal life is a great violation to the individual’s right to privacy.

Having been around for several years now, this type of search engine has exposed several scandals that have shocked society. One event named “Fan4 pao3 pao3”(范跑跑)is one of them. This event took place in 2008 when a great earthquake hit in Sichuan province in China. A teacher in a middle school which was located in the epicenter ran out of the classroom before his students when the violent shake happened. Compared with other brave teachers who saved their students first before taking care of themselves during the catastrophe, his cowardice at that time was criticized by media and the masses. Some angry netizens even used “Ren2 rou4 sou1 suo3” to identify his personal information and gave him the nickname “Fan4 pao3 pao3”, which means running quickly.

You can pick up more modern Chinese slang and expressions on our elearning Chinese website where you can also take up the chance to learn Chinese free.http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_c24c50aa0101i3e6.html

Buddha

As we know, Buddha was originated in Indian and was spread all over the world. But do you know how this kind of belief spread from Indian to China did? When did Buddha spread to China? I got the answer when I was browsing the Chinese online lesson website.

The art of Buddhist figures in China took shape with the introduction of Indian Buddhism. The legend had it that on a certain night of the year 60, Ming Emperor Liu Zhuang in Eastern Han dreamed a golden man without knowing where he came from. The next day, the emperor called his subjects together to explain the dream. A minister named Fu Yi said Xitianzhu (in ancient India) had such a sage called Buddha dressed in gold. What the emperor had dreamed must be the Buddha. Then the emperor sent one of his attendants, Cai Yin, with thousands of soldiers, to Tianzhu on a diplomatic mission to seek Buddhist doctrine. In 67, they returned to China with Buddhist scripture and figures. This was the first record on China’s Buddhist figures in ancient books, but it didn’t tell what kind of figures they were. From the existing stone sculptures and pottery Buddhist figures, we will find that the Han people carved them according to the images of celestial beings in vogue at that time.

In the Five Dynasties and 16 States, Buddhist figures in Chinese style began to show up. They were not reliefs or shallow-carved images attached to other objects, but whole Buddhist figures with complete body structure. The statues, however, still followed the suit of Indian models.

In the Northern Wei period, the art of Buddhist figures flourished and began to shake off trace from ancient India. At that time, emperors believed in Buddhism which resulted in a nationwide practice to cast figures. The early works were greatly influenced by the Indian arts. The most attractive was two gold-plated copper buddhas sitting abreast. Hebei region was then the figure-carving centre and had gathered many skillful craftsmen from the country. Among the Yungang Grottoes we found many ancient outstanding works.

Figures in Northern Qi were known for changeable techniques of expression and characterization. The combination of Buddhas and their family dependents presented a colourful Buddhist world. More attention was paid to the sense of beauty against against the gorgeous back light.

Early arts of Buddhist images in the Sui Dynasty carried on part of the Northern Dynasty style. At its mature period of stone carving, Sui Dynasty produces many outstanding Buddhist statues with unique characteristics and dignified gestures and magnificent dress.

When it is the Tang Dynasty, Buddha images were dressed in clothes so thin and light as if wet gauze sticked to the body. The half-naked body was well-developed, assuming a projecting and clear arc line from breast to waist. This feature in curved body line became an important rule to judge carving works of Tang Dynasty from those of the others periods.

As I learned more from the Chinese online lessons website that the figures of the Buddha in Song Dynasty were inferior to those in the Tang Dynasty in terms of number and scale. But new development was made to techniques of expression. Artists with superior skills characterized many figures with profound psychology and personality reflecting real life.

Buddha, as a kind of religion or belief influenced a lot of people from Asian to European countries. It might be act in their way as long as human beings exist. For more information about Buddha, please click out at the online Chinese language website.http://linda200835.skyrock.com/3199350451-Buddha.html

The capital city of Tibetan-Lhasa

If you want to have a trip in China, I suggest you stay Lhasa for a while. Lhasa, the largest city on the roof of China, and it is also my hometown. Many Chinese learners may know little about this city from the online Chinese website. Now let’s see how does this city look like?

Lhasa is the capital city of the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China. It’s an ancient plateau city with a history of over 1,300 years and boasts its unique styles. It is home to people of Tibetan, Han, Hui and Menba nationalities etc, with Tibetans dominating the place. There are lots of temples and monasteries in Lhasa, which is a holy place for Tibetan Buddhism. It’s also nicknamed “sunshine city”.The long history and unique culture of Lhasa has made the city a brilliant pearl on the snow-covered plateau. World-famous ancient buildings are scattered all over the city, with row upon row of magnificent monastery buildings, including the famous JokhangTemple, RamocheTemple, the PotalaPalace and Norbu Lingka-the summer palace of the Dalai Lamas.

Chinese online Website writes Lhasa, literally means “”place of the gods”, and has a history stretching back more than 1,300 years. Before the 7th Century, the place was called “Womatang” and was only a grazing land administrated by a small Tibetan tribe. In 633, the great leader, Sontzen Gampo, unified the whole of the Tibetan Plateau and moved its political center from Southern mountain to Lhasa where he founded the powerful TuboKingdom and also built Jokhang and RamocheTemples, as well as the grand PotalaPalace. At that time, the city of Lhasa was still named Rasa, which means “goat’s place”. Along with the introduction and subsequent flourishing of Buddhism, more and more people came on pilgrimages. Accordingly, an annular Barkhor Street was formed with the gradual construction of hotels, shops, restaurants, government offices and private residences surrounding JokhangTemple. From then on, the place was regarded as the holiest center in Tibet and the name-Lhasa- was acquired, which means the “holy land” or the “place of gods”.

With the reform and opening-up of China, Lhasa has changed a lot no matter in its living standard of people or the city structure. Many new things have arrived up here, changing the face of the city. The old and new lie side by side in Lhasa. Many new buildings, schools and roads have been built here. furthermore, the 青藏(qīnɡzànɡ) railway Lhasa is being built in here. Many shopping centers have been opened, and modern technology like telecommunications is spreading. The whole city looks prosperous, and our Tibetan people take on a new look. Every festival, people walk around freely on the new, wide and smooth streets, wearing the beautiful traditional costumes. We sing Tibetan songs, dance “guo zhuang” on the grass; eat zanba, drink butter tea and barley beer on the beautiful carpet as well. we enjoy our life.

Friends from other countries, I warmly welcome you to come to my hometown. It is really worth travelling. If you want to know more information about this holy city, you can click out at the elementary Chinese website.http://chineselearningteaching.edublogs.org/2013/12/13/the-capital-city-of-tibetan-lhasa/

The best-known folk singer Song Zuying in China

One day, my online Chinese tutor asked us a question, “Who was the best-known folk singer in China as you think?” I was stuffed by his question suddenly actually because I was little know about the Chinese singer not even for the folk singer.” Then I used my spare time to search on the Internet and finally I found most people believed that Song Zuying can be regarded as the best folk singer nowadays.

Song Zuying was born in Guzhang county, part of a Miao autonomous prefecture in Hunan and studied at the Central Institute for Nationalities in Beijing. Her father died when she was 12, and she is the oldest daughter. In 1991, she joined the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Naval Song and Dance Troupe as a national first-class singer. As of 2009 she is an non-combatant Rear Admiral in the Chinese Navy.

Song Zuying’s songs are widely appreciated both at home and abroad and among her most famous works are Little Back Bamboo-Basket, Soldiers all over China, Soldier Brother, and I became what you were when I grew up. Song Zuying also played the main female roles of “Sister Shan Mei” in Red Coral and Zi Jun in “Elapse” to great public and professional acclaim.

Song Zuying is always combing the art pursuing of herself and the excellent national music in China, from her art works we can wee the trace of inheriting, expanding and re-creating of Chinese national vocality clearly. Her singing skills have been imposed the music skill of this times successfully and form the expression method of vocality art and the style of singing of herself. This is the important standard and the beautiful view in the modern national vocality art. In the recent years, she has been awarded many supreme awards in the various kinds of specialty music contest and the election of public opinion.

At the same time of being successful in acting and art in China, Song Zuying also take part in the social public commonweal and charity activities actively. She has donated the most impressive “Project of Hope” in China and got a lot of social reputation. She was the representative of 9th NPC, now she is the member of 10th CPPCC, the standing member of China Youth Union, the executing member of China Women Union, the member of China Literature and Art Union and the agent of China Musician Association.

If you are interested in her songs, try to download as much as you can to listen. Find more information about her, please click at the Chinese online website.http://chineselearningteaching.edublogs.org/2013/12/12/the-best-known-folk-singer-song-zuying-in-china/

The poet of poets in China—李白(II )

In the last essay, I introduced the basic knowledge about 李白. Today, in order to make the image of 李白 more clearly and visually, I will share with a story that I saw from the Chinese online learning website.

Here is a story about Li Bai:

The peony in the palace bloomed. Emperor Xuanzong of Tang and Concubine Yang came to enjoy the flowers and called for Li Bai to write poems. However, Li Bai was heavily drunk. The ministers had to carry him to the palace. When he woke, Li Bai asked the emperor to bestow him more wine so that he could write good poems. He wrote three poems very quickly when he finished the drink. Xuangzong was pleased and asked Concubine Yang to give Li Bai a glas Once a renowned Chinese poet read Li Bai’s poems and he gave Li Bai the name “Banished Transcendent “. It is because the imagination in Li Bai’s poems is so novel and bold that common people could never think this way. Li Bai’s accomplishment in literature is originally high and could not be approached, before or after.

After reading some of his poems on the Chinese online website, I found the characteristics of his poem. When he wrote poems, Li Bai does not like to use obscure phrases or allusions as some poets would do. He learned a lot from folk literature and folk songs of Qin dynasty, Han dynasty and Wei Period, which shaped his own style. Li Bai uses the simplest words but combine them with the most original imagination, by using literary techniques such as exaggeration, metaphor, and personification and so on to the extreme. That is the reason why people think his poems are bold, unrestrained and ethereal. The variable imagination, grand images, fresh phrases and unrestrained style in his poems affected poets of the later generations a lot’s of comes from western country.

Now there is no wonder why he and Dufu can be regarded as the two most prominent figures in the flourishing of Chinese poetry in the mid-Tang Dynasty that is often called the “Golden Age of China.” If you are still interested in this topic, you can go to the elementary Chinese website to see the poet of poets in China—李白(III)http://www.quora.com/Linda-Wang-7/Posts/The-poet-of-poets-in-China%E2%80%94%E6%9D%8E%E7%99%BD%EF%BC%88II-%EF%BC%89

Make green bean cake by yourselves

My friend Tony was a big eater and he spent much time on finding delicious foods. Recently he came to China and he found a kind of delicious food that was called green bean cake. Today, we are going to introduce this kind of food to you- the Chinese online students.

Green Bean cake is really a China-made food. It is made of green bean. So it is called the green bean cake. The green bean cake is famous not only for its good tastes, but also for its nutritious.

May be you may wonder how does this food produced? Can you made by yourselves? Let me tell you. Yes, you absolutely can.

Before the meal, you should prepare some ingredients as 300 grams (0.66 lb) glutinous rice floor, 200 grams (0.44 lb) non-glutinous rice flour, 250 grams (0.55 lb) green beans, 250 grams (0.55 lb) sugar, 20 grams (1 1/2 tbsp) cooking oil. Then follow the step that the Chinese online lessons      provided us, you may make it better.

Directions:
1. Wash the green beans and cook in 500 g (1 cup) of water till the beans explode. Put the beans into a container to cool off.
2. Mix the two kinds of rice flours. Add the sugar, oil and the cooled off beans and mix well. Put the mixture in a porcelain plate on whose surface oil has been rubbed. Steam for 45 minutes and the cakes are ready.
Features: Slippery and soft.
Taste: Sweet and delicious.

The process is not very difficult, right? Just two steps helps you make a very delicious food! So don’t hesitate, just do it yourself! If you do not know clearly the process, just click out at the Chinese online lesson website.http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_c24c50aa0101i1gu.html

Ordering food in Chinese

Tasting the particular food in another country is one of the most important pleasures during the trip. However, the barrier of different languages may make it difficult to enjoy the exotic food. When you are in China, it is significant for you to learn the basic Chinese expressions of ordering food and asking the waiters about the services. In this article, we are going to learn Chinese related to ordering food in Chinese.

At the beginning, you may need to ask the waiters for the menu. You may need to learn Mandarin on these expressions.  “请给我菜单。”(qing3 gei3 wo3 cai4 dan1) (May I have the menu, please?); “是否有英文菜单?” (shi4 fou3 you3 ying1 wen2 cai4 dan1) (Do you have a menu in English?); “可否让我看看酒水单?”(ke3 fou3 rang4 wo3 kan1 kan1 jiu3 shui3 dan1) (May I see the wine list?); “餐厅有些什么饮品?”(can1 ting1 you3 xie1 shen2 mo5 jiu3) (What kind of drinks do you have for aperitif?).

These expressions below will help you ask some particular questions to the waiters carting for you special needs. “我想喝点当地出产的酒。”(wo3 xiang3 he1 dian3 dang1 di4 chu1 chan3 de5 jiu3) (I want to have some local wine.) ;“是否可以推荐一些不错的菜?”(shi4 fou3 ke3 yi3 tui1 jian4 yi4 xie1 bu2 cuo4 de5 cai4) (Can you recommend some good dishes?) ; “餐厅最特别的菜式是什么?”(can1 ting1 zui4 te4 bie2 de5 cai4 shi4 shi4 shen2 mo5) (What is the specialty of the restaurant?) ; “我可以点一份相同的餐吗?”(wo3 ke3 yi3 dian3 yi2 fen4 xiang1 tong2 de5 can1 ma5) (Can I have a dish as that?).

If you have special requirement on the food, you may need to say like this. “我正在节食中。”(wo3 zheng4 zai4 jie2 shi2 zhong1) (Im on a diet.) “我必须避免高油脂/盐分/糖分的食物。”(wo3 bi4 xu1 bi4 mian3 gao1 you2 zhi1/yan2 fen4/tang2 fen4 de5 shi2 wu4) (I have to avoid food containing fat/salt/sugar.)

Learning Chinese can add your trip with more pleasure. If you want to learn more about traveling in China, you’d better take online Chinese classes. http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_c24c50aa0101i1gm.html

Three Men Who Tend to “Bai3pu3”

There are so many special phrases in the Chinese language, which can be defined as different meanings under different context. In China, people always call them “Duo1 yi4 ci2”(多义词). They can be used in different conversations for expressing specific meaning of the speaker. “Bai3pu3”(摆谱)is one of those multifocal phrases and it has three different meanings in the Chinese dictionary. Then, I would present to you three little stories about this phrase to make a better explanation of its different meanings.

An old man lived in the village liked to “Bai3pu3” nearby his house. In order to support his three kids to go to the college, this man had spent majority of his life on undertaking the farm work. Hardly did he have a chance to enjoy some leisure time. As the grown up of his kids, he gradually spared time to ease himself by joining in the activities held by the neighbors. For him, playing chess must be one of the favorite amusements in daily life. He started to prepare the chessboard and chess in front of his door to attract interested opponents came and played the chess with him. He was so concentrated in the playing that can barely heart other voices. One day, his wife almost came out for seven times to call him eat lunch. However, he realized the sense of hunger until the sun began to fall. In this story, I present to you the original meaning of “Bai3pu3”, which is used to describe the activity of playing chess in the Chinese language.

Then, a policeman in middle age also has a crush on “Bai3pu3”. He was an excellent performer and a harsh predecessor in the eyes of other policemen in the department. He always ran ahead in almost every assignment. Meanwhile, his colleagues gave him a nickname of workaholic. Although possessed strong work ability, he had a nasty temper when getting along with other colleagues. He liked lessoning others as a professional veteran who had a better qualification than the others and always found fault with their performance in work. Therefore, he couldn’t develop a harmonious relationship with the people surround him. “Bai3pu3” here describes the behavior of someone, which featured with being arrogant and impolite to people for the old experience they had.

Lastly, an 18 years old boy always likes “Bai3pu3”. This young man often can’t help showing off for his well off family. In the high school, he spent more time on decorating himself instead of studying hard. He wore newly fashion clothes and drove a brand name car. He could afford the whole expense when going out with his friends for drinking, playing and entertaining. What a play boy he was! From this prospect, “Bai3pu3” represents a habit of showing off by the wealthy capital.

More useful phrases can be gained in our e learning Chinese website and you can also have an opportunity to learn Chinese free.